California labor laws are designed to protect employees in all aspects of employment, including hiring, promotions, wrongful termination, rest and meal breaks, overtime pay, and other benefits. Some of the important California labor laws include:
- Fair Employment & Housing Act – Forbids harassment and discrimination in employment due to race, religion, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, mental and physical disability, medical condition, age (40 and above), marital status, or pregnancy (Read more…)
- California Family Rights Act (CFRA) – Determines family care & medical leave provisions for California employees (Read more…)
- Pregnancy Disability Leave Law – Provides pregnant women with the same rights other employees would have during a temporary disability, including unpaid time off and job protection (Read more…)
- California Labor Code Section 226 – Determines proper pay information employers must include on employee pay-stubs (Read more…)
- California Labor Code 510 – Regulates the standards of overtime pay for employees, and states that an employer must pay all non-exempt employees one and one-half their regular rate of pay for working over eight hours in a workday or 40 hours in a workweek (Read more…)
- California Labor Code Section 512 – Obligates employers to provide their employees with a meal break of at least 30 minutes when working more than 5 hours in a single day (Read more…)
- Private Attorney General Act – Allows private citizens to sue for civil fines and penalties for violations of California Labor Code provisions (Read more…)
There are also many important federal laws that regulate workplace activities. These include:
- The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) – Sets the standards for health and safety conditions in the workplace. Its main goal is to ensure that employees are provided with an environment that is free from toxic hazards, dangers, or unsanitary conditions (Read more…)
- The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) – Determines the standards for the basic minimum wage and overtime pay. It requires employers to pay covered, non-exempt employees at least the federal minimum wage and overtime pay (Read more…)
- The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) – Enables eligible employees to take unpaid leave from work for in order to deal with family matters such as a new baby or seriously ill family member (Read more…)
- The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) – Prohibits discrimination based on a physical or mental disability that substantially limits one or more major life activities (Read more…)
- The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) – Prevents discrimination against someone who is pregnant or who just had a baby. Women who are pregnant may also be eligible for additional benefits, including extended maternity or medical leave, under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA).
- The Civil Rights Act – Prohibits discrimination based on race, religion, gender, or national origin (Read more…)
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) – Makes it illegal for employers to discriminate against employees or applicants based solely on age. It is designed to protect employees who are over 40 from age-based discrimination in hiring, promotion, and other aspects of employment.
- The Equal Pay Act (EPA) – Requires that employees receive equal pay for equal work, regardless of gender.